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Object API

Detailed Description

1) Object Definition
 // Define your object starting with the common object header
 struct my_obj {
      int         my_data;

 // Fill out the object operations structure
 struct nl_object_ops my_ops = {
      .oo_name    = "my_obj",
      .oo_size    = sizeof(struct my_obj),

 // At this point the object can be allocated, you may want to provide a
 // separate _alloc() function to ease allocting objects of this kind.
 struct nl_object *obj = nl_object_alloc(&my_ops);

 // And release it again...
2) Allocating additional data
 // You may require to allocate additional data and store it inside
 // object, f.e. assuming there is a field `ptr'.
 struct my_obj {
      void *            ptr;

 // And at some point you may assign allocated data to this field:
 my_obj->ptr = calloc(1, ...);

 // In order to not introduce any memory leaks you have to release
 // this data again when the last reference is given back.
 static void my_obj_free_data(struct nl_object *obj)
      struct my_obj *my_obj = nl_object_priv(obj);


 // Also when the object is cloned, you must ensure for your pointer
 // stay valid even if one of the clones is freed by either making
 // a clone as well or increase the reference count.
 static int my_obj_clone(struct nl_object *src, struct nl_object *dst)
      struct my_obj *my_src = nl_object_priv(src);
      struct my_obj *my_dst = nl_object_priv(dst);

      if (src->ptr) {
            dst->ptr = calloc(1, ...);
            memcpy(dst->ptr, src->ptr, ...);

 struct nl_object_ops my_ops = {
      .oo_free_data     = my_obj_free_data,
      .oo_clone   = my_obj_clone,
3) Object Dumping
 static int my_obj_dump_detailed(struct nl_object *obj,
                           struct nl_dump_params *params)
      struct my_obj *my_obj = nl_object_priv(obj);

      // It is absolutely essential to use nl_dump() when printing
      // any text to make sure the dumping parameters are respected.
      nl_dump(params, "Obj Integer: %d\n", my_obj->my_int);

      // Before we can dump the next line, make sure to prefix
      // this line correctly.

      // You may also split a line into multiple nl_dump() calls.
      nl_dump(params, "String: %s ", my_obj->my_string);
      nl_dump(params, "String-2: %s\n", my_obj->another_string);

 struct nl_object_ops my_ops = {
      .oo_dump[NL_DUMP_FULL]  = my_obj_dump_detailed,
4) Object Attributes
 // The concept of object attributes is optional but can ease the typical
 // case of objects that have optional attributes, e.g. a route may have a
 // nexthop assigned but it is not required to.

 // The first step to define your object specific bitmask listing all
 // attributes
 #define MY_ATTR_FOO          (1<<0)
 #define MY_ATTR_BAR          (1<<1)

 // When assigning an optional attribute to the object, make sure
 // to mark its availability.
 my_obj->foo = 123123;
 my_obj->ce_mask |= MY_ATTR_FOO;

 // At any time you may use this mask to check for the availability
 // of the attribute, e.g. while dumping
 if (my_obj->ce_mask & MY_ATTR_FOO)
      nl_dump(params, "foo %d ", my_obj->foo);

 // One of the big advantages of this concept is that it allows for
 // standardized comparisons which make it trivial for caches to
 // identify unique objects by use of unified comparison functions.
 // In order for it to work, your object implementation must provide
 // a comparison function and define a list of attributes which
 // combined together make an object unique.

 static int my_obj_compare(struct nl_object *_a, struct nl_object *_b,
                       uint32_t attrs, int flags)
      struct my_obj *a = nl_object_priv(_a):
      struct my_obj *b = nl_object_priv(_b):
      int diff = 0;

      // We help ourselves in defining our own DIFF macro which will
      // call ATTR_DIFF() on both objects which will make sure to only
      // compare the attributes if required.
      #define MY_DIFF(ATTR, EXPR) ATTR_DIFF(attrs, MY_ATTR_##ATTR, a, b, EXPR)

      // Call our own diff macro for each attribute to build a bitmask
      // representing the attributes which mismatch.
      diff |= MY_DIFF(FOO, a->foo != b->foo)
      diff |= MY_DIFF(BAR, strcmp(a->bar, b->bar))

      return diff;

 // In order to identify identical objects with differing attributes
 // you must specify the attributes required to uniquely identify
 // your object. Make sure to not include too many attributes, this
 // list is used when caches look for an old version of an object.
 struct nl_object_ops my_ops = {
      .oo_id_attrs            = MY_ATTR_FOO,
      .oo_compare       = my_obj_compare,


struct  nl_object_ops


#define AVAILABLE(A, B, ATTR)   (((A)->ce_mask & (B)->ce_mask) & (ATTR))

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